Non-malignant enlargement of the prostate gland is termed as Prostate Enlargement. In scientific terms, prostate enlargement is represented as BPH which is abbreviated as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). It is a condition involving enlargement of the prostate gland which is commonly seen in men aged above 60 years. Prostate enlargement will compress the urethra obstructing the flow of urine from the bladder, which in turn causes urine retention in the bladder. Prostate enlargement can also leads to complications like urethra blockage, urinary tract infections, and improper functioning of kidney.
There are some signs and symptoms by which you can detect prostate enlargement. Some are listed below.
- Frequent urination
- Blood in urine
- Difficulty in urination
- Urination inability
- Severe pain or burning sensation while urinating
- Urine leakage
The prostate is a gland of a walnut size present in the male reproductive system. This gland is made up of two lobes which are in turn enclosed with a tissue layer. It is located in front of rectum beneath the bladder. It is surrounded by urethra, the canal through which unwanted wastes passes out of the body in the form of urine.
Although the prostate gland continues to grow throughout life, enlargement does not cause any problem throughout the lifetime. However, it is rare that some people get affected with BPH. It rarely occurs in men aged below 40 years but mostly i.e., more than half percentage of the men are affected by this after the age of 60.
In some men, BPH occurs even in their seventies or eighties. If you feel symptoms of BPH, you can consult a doctor and use the prescribed medicine for cure. Medical treatment for prostate enlargement is effective if it is detected at an early stage, i.e. when symptoms are mild without any complications. Side effects for BPH medication are minimal and can be easily tolerated by elderly people. Although it is cured easily, it is advisable to consult a doctor frequently to avoid the further occurrence or complications, if any.
Even after consulting a doctor and undergoing medical treatment, if it is ineffective and there are complications seen in development then you should definitely go in for a surgery. Some complications include urine retention which means complete blockage of urine, urinary tract infection, reduction in the functioning of kidneys, bladder stone, blood while passing urine, large bladder diverticulum, etc. Then if you find any of these complications, you should go for a surgery. Other than surgery, holmium laser enucleation is one of the most advanced techniques used for the treatment of BPH.
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