Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL):
It is minimally invasive endoscopic treatment for removing large kidney stones or multiple stones in the upper ureter.
A puncture is created in the skin through the kidney to the stone . This is followed by serial dilatation to create a tract to reach the stone. Endoscope called Nephroscope is passed through this port into the kidney to break up the stone into pieces and to remove the debris from the stone.
It is performed under general anesthesia and real-time x-ray control known as fluoroscopy.
The major benefits of PCNL are:
- It eliminates the need for large skin incisions.
- It removes the large incisions on the kidney or renal pelvis.
- Recovery and healing is faster when compared to other procedures.
- Shorter hospital stay