Perceive the signs of sugar level on beans

Date :02-Jan-2020

Diabetes can damage the kidneys and cause diabetic nephropathy. High blood glucose levels due to diabetes will damage the part of the kidneys that filter the blood. This would affect the normal functioning of the kidney of removing waste products and extra fluid from the body.

Diabetic nephropathy

Symptoms of diabetic nephropathy

In the early stages of diabetic nephropathy, it is difficult to notice any signs or symptoms. It is only with a urine test; the doctor can confirm protein in the urine. Whereas, in the later stages, there would be certain signs and symptoms that could be noticed as a kidney gets damaged over the years. The signs can be seen when the kidney damage has deteriorated significantly, yet there would be vague changes in these signs.

When the damage gets severe, there could be a few signs which are easy to notice, such as:

  • Blood pressure - diabetes could lead to high blood pressure, and it gets worse over time. It becomes difficult to control blood pressure when there is no proper diet and lifestyle. All these affect the blood pressure and damages the kidney.
  • Protein in the urine - when there is a high blood glucose level, it will affect the functioning of the glomerulus, and the filtering function of the kidney will not occur. Protein will start to leak from the blood into the urine.
  • Swelling - there will be swelling of feet, ankles, hands, and eyes due to retaining fluid.
  • Fatigue - the patient would feel tired due to a lack of oxygen in the blood. They would have vomiting sensation or feel nauseated.
  • Lack of concentration - it becomes difficult to concentrate, or the person tends to be confused.
  • Loss of appetite - the intake of food drastically reduces, and this leads to weight loss. When there is a sudden weight loss, there could be other problems as well. Often the person would feel shortness of breath and muscle cramps.
  • Itchiness - due to drastic weight loss, the skin tends to shrink and lead to persistent itching and causes dry skin.
  • Urination - there will be an increased need to urinate than often.

Diabetic nephropathy

Early detection and treatment are required for diabetic nephropathy. The treatment would include medications, kidney dialysis, and transplantation. The early treatment would help stop the progression of kidney disease and helps to control blood glucose levels.

Blog Reviewed By: Dr N Anandan
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About Dr. N. Anandan


Dr. N. Anandan is a senior consultant at Kauvery hospital and Apollo spectra hospitals in Chennai

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