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Kidney Stone


When the intake of water level decreases the minerals like calcium, oxalate, phosphorous, cystine, or uric acid starts to accumulate and stick inside the kidney. These clumps of waste are called kidney stones. Most of the stones formed are the combinations of calcium with oxalate or phosphorous. Anyone prone to kidney stones must pay attention to proper hydration. Regular intake of water can help flush out the waste particles in the kidney and thus help prevent the formation of kidney stones. 

Kidney stones are harmless inside the kidney. But once the stones travel through the urethra, they block the flow of urine and create a feeling of intense urination. It also can cause sharp and unbearable pain in the back, sides and below the ribs where the kidneys are located. In men, the pain can be felt even at the tip of the penis. Urine may be dark or red due to the presence of blood. Nausea and the tendency to puke are other symptoms. Kidney stones do not show any signs until they get to the urethra. 

A kidney stone is a preventable disease. Intake of 8 to 12 glasses of water a day at regular intervals can guarantee up to 40% - 60% of protection from the formation of kidney stones. 

Here are some tips to prevent Kidney Stone:

  • Staying hydrated: drinking excess water would help to clean up your kidney regularly by not giving a space for the accumulation of minerals.
  • Be sure that you get enough amount of calcium: the insufficient amount of calcium in your diet can cause oxalate levels to increase and thus result in the formation of kidney stones.
  • Reduce the amount of sodium: Sodium can lead to dehydration.
  • A healthy diet: limit food with high oxalate content.

Medications can control the levels of minerals and salts in your urine and are effective in treating certain types of stones. The type of medication your doctor prescribes will depend on the kind of kidney stones you have.

Kidney Stone if undiagnosed can lead to severe complications, so find the best treatment from Anandhan’s Urology Clinic.

Authored By Dr. N. Anandan

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About Dr. N. Anandan

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Dr. N. Anandan is a senior consultant at Kauvery hospital and Apollo spectra hospitals in Chennai

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