The bladder is a balloon-shaped organ in the pelvis area whose main function is to store urine.
Cystolitholapaxy or breaking stones apart
Bladder stones are generally removed using a procedure known as Cystolitholapaxy. A minute tube with a camera at the end called a cystoscope is inserted through the urethra into the bladder to clearly view the stone. The doctor then uses a laser, ultrasound or mechanical device to fragment the stone into small pieces. The small pieces of stone are then flushed out from the bladder.
Sometimes, bladder stones that are extremely large or too difficult to break up are removed through open surgery. In this procedure, the doctor creates an incision in the bladder to remove the stones. If there is any other condition that is causing the stones, such as an enlarged prostate, it can also be rectified at the same time.