Urology & Andrology

What is Urology?

Urology refers to the surgical speciality that deals with the urinary tracts of males and females which includes the kidneys, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra and the male reproductive organs namely; testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis.

Who is an Urologist?

Medical professionals who specialize in the field of urology are called urologists. Urologists are specially trained to diagnose, treat, and manage patients affected with urological disorders.

What are the most common procedures urologists perform?

The most common procedures that urologist performs in an office setting, include vasectomy, cystoscopy and treatments for benign prostate hypertrophy. Some of the most common procedures performed in an operating room include removal of the kidney or prostate owing to cancer, transurethral surgeries for benign prostate hypertrophy and removal of bladder tumors, removal of kidney/ureteral stones using lasers, and anti-incontinence surgeries for both men and women.

When should I see an urologist?

You should consult a urologist if:

  • You are suffering from an adverse medical condition that affects your urinary system or reproductive system in male..

  • Blood in urine

  • Frequent urinary tract infections

  • Poor bladder control, including leakage of urine or if you experience difficulty in urinating

  • If you suspect kidney stones due to flank pain

  • Erectile dysfunction

  • You desire a vasectomy

How can I urinate less frequently at night?

Frequent urination at night could be due to various factors such as:

  • Inability to store or retain urine in the bladder

  • Inability to completely empty the bladder

  • Lifestyle changes like excessive alcohol, fluid intake

  • Intake of certain medications

  • Urinary infection

Painful to urinate; what could be the problem?

The common causes of painful urination are:

  • Infections in the prostate or bladder

  • Obstruction in the urethra or prostate

  • Kidney and bladder stones

  • Chronic pain in the male lower urinary tract.

  • Cancer or growth in the kidney, urinary bladder etc

  • Tuberculosis affecting the urinary tract

There’s blood in my urine. What could be causing this?

Blood in the urine could be caused due to various problems such as:

  • Urinary infection

  • Kidney/bladder stones

  • Cancer of the urinary system

  • Tuberculosis

  • Injury to the urinary system

What is Andrology?

Andrology refers to the medical speciality that focuses on male health, specifically relating to the disorders of the male reproductive system . Some of the common male-specific medical and surgical procedures include surgery for male infertility (microsurgical varicocele ligation, vasovasostomy, Epididymovasostomy) and erectile dysfunction ( Penile prosthesis surgery, penile curvature correction).

Who is an Andrologist?

An andrologist offers diagnostic and treatment services to men suffering from reproductive health issues. They provide treatment to patients who are affected with hormonal disorders, fertility problems, erectile dysfunction, and various other problems. Andrologists perform surgery to restore erectile function such as penile prosthesis, surgery for plaque in the penis causing curvature problem.

When should I see an Andrologist?

You should consult an andrologist if you suspect that you have impotence, infertility, ejaculatory disturbances, penile curvature, or any other reproductive disorders.

What is the difference between Urologist & Andrologist?

Urology refers to the surgical specialty that deals with the urinary tracts of males and females which includes the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra and the male reproductive organs namely; testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis. Urology is closely associated with the medical fields of oncology, nephrology, gynecology, andrology, pediatric surgery, colorectal surgery, gastroenterology, and endocrinology.

Andrology refers to the medical specialty that focuses on male health, specifically relating to the disorders of the male reproductive system and urological problems in men. It mainly deals with male infertility, erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory disorders. The common surgeries performed in this field include fertilization procedures, vasectomy, vasectomy reversals, and the implantation of penile prostheses.